How Do Tankless Water Heaters Work

best-tankless-water-heater-213x300Tankless water-heating is a concept that is now quickly gaining popularity in the United States.

The technology has been widely used in countries like Japan for a long time and has already become popular in Europe.

Tankless water heaters, also sometimes called instant water heaters, don’t make use of a storage tank to store hot water. Instead, they provide an instant supply of hot water when required.

The working of a tankless water heater:

Tankless water heaters use a heat source fueled by electricity, gas or propane. The heat is transferred to the water as it flows through a heat exchanger inside the heater producing instant hot water. The heating system is only activated when the water enters the system and hence it does not operate until it is required. It can meet the hot water requirements of an entire house.


Storage water heaters use a large tank to store water. The heat source is then used to heat the water in the tank. The temperature of the water is kept at the desired level by a thermostat which switches on the heating source as required. This keeps the water in the tank at the required temperature.


  1. It heats up a lot of water even if there is no requirement for it resulting in wastage of energy.
  2. The stored water loses heat after some time and the energy source is activated to maintain the temperature. These cooling and reheating cycles result in even more energy wastage.
  3. It cannot supply hot water initially without some delay as it has to heat a large quantity of water. This delay depends on the heating source, the temperature of the water in the tank and the size of the tank. If a large tank is used, a long wait may be required especially during winter.
  4. If the amount of water used continuously is greater than the capacity of the tank, then it will not be able to supply water at the required temperature without delay. This can cause a lot of inconvenience if people have to pause in between say, a shower to wait for the water to heat up again.
  5. Storage water heaters are prone to corrosion over long periods resulting in shorter life.


  1. It produces instant hot water on demand. There is no need to wait.
  2. There is no wastage of energy. The energy source is activated only when there is a demand for hot water. Since no hot water is stored there is no wastage due to cooling or reheating. The savings in terms of energy bills could be as much as 10% to 20% when compared to storage heaters.
  3. The flow of hot water is continuous irrespective of the quantity of water used. There is no risk of running out of hot water while doing something.
  4. There is very little risk of corrosion as no water is stored. Tankless water heaters have a life of up to 20 years compared to a lifespan of 10 to 15 years of a storage water heater.

For homeowners who have a central storage water heater, changing over to a tankless water heater may look like a large investment. However, the savings in terms of energy bills, repairs and replacement costs will easily recover that amount during the life of the new heater.

For people who are installing a new water-heating system, it is best to go for a tankless water heating system. Choosing an energy efficient water heating system will be a wise decision that will be rewarding over time.

Fleck Water Softener Reviews

fleck-water-softener-reviewFleck has provided the best solution for removing water hardness. Hard water contain calcium and magnesium ions that are the cause of the hardness. Water hardness is classified into two Temporary and permanent hardness. Temporary hardness is cause by the solubility of the calcium bicarbonate and magnesium bicarbonate that releases the calcium and magnesium ions. Permanent hardness is caused by solubility of calcium sulfate, magnesium sulfate, calcium chloride and magnesium chloride.

Water hardness is of concern because it poses a serious problem to domestic appliances and laundry. Hard water hinders the cleansing strength of laundry soap and thus more soap is required. It also reduces the span of clothing and washing machine; causes staining of sanitary facilities and scaling of plumbing .Therefore, fleck water softener provide the best solution to water hardness. There are variety of fleck water softer sizes that are cheap, easy to install, maintain and are energy saving they soften the water so that your domestic appliances can have a long life span.

Fleck water softener is an ion exchanger appliance. It operates by pressurizing the water through a bed of cation exchange medium. The calcium and magnesium ion are exchanged with the potassium or sodium ions. Thus water hardness is removed. Fleck water softeners are of two types: Mechanical and electrical water softeners.

Fleck mechanical water softener is a simple to use, the injector module is removed from the valve exterior, the timer is rugged, has a double backwash, it has durable valve body because it is made of non corrosive, UV-resistant, fiber reinforced polymer. Fleck mechanical water softener is set to count the capacity of water softener added. This allow the softener to be regenerated only when needed.

Fleck electrical water softener has an electronic display that display the amount of water softener added only when required. It helps to save water and salt by regenerating the softener only when required. Electric water softener is easily programmed, has long hours charge storage capacity, display the reminder volume of soft water, has six adjustable cycles time, has dual regeneration option for tonight and now and the non erasable memory when power is lost.

Fleck water softener are the best option for domestic due to the efficiency, accuracy of softener injection that is always monitored avoid challenges of hard water by ensuring you have purchased one for you home today. It will save you a lot of money for water hardness treatment, buying and using excess detergent and also save on cost of heating due to scaling of heating element.

Some of the most common problems with water softeners

Cold showers, unsterilized pots and pans, dirty clothes. Issues coming from water heater problems could be more of a pain than you realize regardless if it is energy or gas-fired models. There tend to be some tank issues you can fix yourself, but others require calling a repair person. Before attempting any maintenance to a water tank concern, be sure to turn off all power sources, as a shock from an appliance could be fatal!

Common Water Softener Repair Issues:

If you smell virtually any strange gas odors out of your gas-fired heater, you might have a critical problem. Prevent any possible fire or sparks from occurring if you smell gas. In this situation, you will want to ventilate the area to alleviate it of fumes and switch off the gas supply valve immediately as well as call the gas power company.

Some water heater problems are often the result of a buildup of hard water residue that could leave sediment on the bottom of the hot water tank. The sediment prevents the water from being heated properly. A typical water softener helps to keep the sediment build-up to a minimum as well as keeps it working effectively. Sometimes there is not enough water coming from the tank, and you need to adjust your thermostat or even substitute it. If the hot water tank dispenses water, which is too hot, generally resetting your thermostat should solve the problem, but if not; then replacing it would be the first step. If the hot normal water tank is leaky, look at the pressure relief valve.

If it is leaking most generally, it is time to change it. Sometimes the sediment is lodged on the valve seat; it can be cleaned by means of working the valve. Remember that if the water is hot, you need to be watchful where it sprays. If your faulty unit is noisy or the water is dirty, drain and flush your tank.

When you have a gas-fired hot water heater and you do not have any tempered water, check to make certain the unit is lit. This particular problem can be fixed simply by re-lighting the unit. If it will not stay lit, there could be issues with the thermocouple. If you find that you do not have enough hot water, you should check the temperature configurations or consider investing in a larger water tank to fit your family’s needs. Again, should your unit be noisy, or produce dirty water, you still need to drain and flush your tank, as well as refill it exactly as you did in initially. However, if the unit has become a rusty tank, be it gas as well as electric, it is time for you to replace it entirely.

If all of your own methods of repairing your water heater has failed, then it may be time to speak to a specialized plumber as well as someone who concentrates on water heating elements. It is important that you don’t keep dumping money into repairing your water heater if in fact it’s time to replace it, so it may be better to speak to a service tech to ensure you’re getting the best advice possible.

It is imperative to have a water softener unit to soften water in the event you live in an area where the water is naturally hard. Water treatment units need to be maintained in order to ensure effective functioning for a long time to come. It is strongly recommended to get your hot water unit checked by means of a professional on a regular basis.

One of the most important water softener elements used in a water softener is known as the salt solution. Water is typically softened through the unit by making use of special types of salt. Though retailers advise many salt forms, it is crucial to select the right salt type, which is pre-approved for your type of unit. This will allow you to avoid virtually any negative consequences later. Brine build up in a tank is an additional problem for water softener units. You should clean your tank regularly to prevent the drinking water from becoming toxified. A brine tank may seriously impair the working elements of the unit.

Culligan Water Softener Reviews

Hard water can be hard to deal with and its negative effects cannot be ignored. Its effects can be diverse, from little annoyances like bad taste or staining clothes to adverse situations like being hard on your pocket by damaging appliances and increasing your electricity bill. Luckily Culligan water softeners are here to help.

Culligan is a renowned international company specializing in water softening, water filtration and bottled water and they have been doing this for more than 75 years. They provide water softening solutions to homes and businesses at very pocket friendly prices. The company has its headquarters in Rosemount, Illinois and sells its products in more than 90 countries.

Culligan offers a variety of solutions to cater for your water softening needs. You can choose to purchase Culligan High Efficiency Water Softener, Medallist Series Home Water Softener, Whole Home Water Filters and Conditioner Systems, the Salt-Free Water Softening Treatment or enroll for the portable water softener water exchange service The Culligan high efficiency Water softener is the world’s Most Efficient Water Softener. Its state of the art technology allows it to deliver water at high flow rate, 22 gpm, at lower monthly salt, water and electricity costs.

What makes it even better is its capability to accept customized water softness settings so that your water achieves the degree of softness you have been desiring. To add the icing on the cake it has an automatic service notification to your local Culligan Man so you never have to worry about water purification problems. A local Culligan man is a Water conditioning expert who lives in your locality and is there to help you to overcome any water treatment challenges you may encounter also Culligan water softener installation process is very easy. This high efficiency water softener guarantees that you will get the high degree of purity you have always wanted Currently Culligan is the only company that offers Water Softeners that will ensure that your money will not go down the drain. Their many years of experience and innovative technology proves that they are the right people to go to when in a hard water crisis, and the Culligan high efficiency water softener is a must have water softener device.

After you acquire this water softener your hard water problems will be a thing of the past and the next time a visitor requests a glass of water you won’t have to suffer the shame of trying to explain why your water tastes pathetic.

How a water softener works


Water that contains a high percentage of calcium and magnesium is referred to as hard water. Hard water usually clogs pipes and also makes it difficult for soap and detergents to dissolve in it. Magnesium and calcium positively charged ions and because of this, other positively charged ions will not dissolve easily in water containing them than in soft water. Water softening is therefore the process used to remove magnesium and calcium rum hard water to make it soft. Using a water softener unit is the best way to soften water which is directly connected to the water supply.


A water softener is a unit which is used to remove hardness from water to make soft .


  • It reduces the hardness of water therefore making it more usable;
  • The incidences of blocked pipes are greatly reduced thus saving money that would otherwise be used for replacement.
  • It increases the efficiency of hot boilers and tanks by reducing lime scale deposits caused by hard water. This greatly lowers the cost of heating domestic water.
  • Water softening also reduces damages to domestic machinery such as laundry machines and therefore prolonging their useful life.
  • It also helps to improve the efficiency and longevity of air conditioning systems, solar heating systems and much other water — based applications.


Almost all water softeners operate on an ion exchange system. This system works by exchanging hardness ions (magnesium and calcium) for sodium and potassium ions. This process happens in resin tank. As water passes through the resin tank it comes into contact with resin beads which are covered with potassium and sodium ions. The action of water flowing through these resin beads causes the magnesium and calcium ions to exchange places with sodium and potassium ions. As more and more water continues to flow through the resin tank, the sodium and potassium ions become exhausted and therefore necessitating a recharge. A water softener system has a brine tank as a component. The function of this tank is to hold bags of potassium and sodium salts that are used for the recharging the water softener system.


A good water softener can last for many years without requiring major repairs safe for the concessional need to refill them with salt.


A softener resin will need replacement when the water softener system stops making water soft enough, in the absence of mechanical faults.

The softener brine tank may not need regular cleaning unless the salt product in use is contains high insoluble matter or where there is some serious malfunction.

Loosely compacted salts should not be used in a resin. This is because the resin may form tiny crystals of evaporated salt. These crystals may then bond creating a thick mass within the tank. This phenomenon is called mushing and may cause interference with the production of brine.


Water softeners are very essential in industries such as those involved in drinking water preparation, soda production and in breweries. They are also essential for boilers and water cooling systems.